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Using Consonants in Spanish

When beginning to develop a Spanish vocabulary, it is important to know how to pronounce Spanish consonants. The following is a guide to help you to be able to pronounce the more difficult Spanish consonants. Once you know how pronounce Spanish consonants, words will be a lot easier for you to learn and to expand your Spanish vocabulary will be easier. The following includes some of the consonants where the Spanish pronunciation differs greatly from the English version.


  • B and V are pretty much always pronounced the same and sound like the letter ‘b’ in a ball. When either the letter B or V is placed between two vowels, it make a sound similar to our sound for the letter V.
  • D most of the time is pronounced in a similar way to the D in the dog. If it is in between two vowels, it makes a sound that is more like the ‘th’ in this.
  • G normally sounds like the G in Give, but a little less harsh. However, if the G precedes an I or an E it is pronounced in the same way that the Spanish pronounce the letter J.
  • J is a little tough to explain as the sound it makes does not really exist in the English vocabulary. The best way to describe the way it sounds would be that it sounds like the like the ‘ch’ in Chanukah. If you are unable to make this sound a sound like the H in-house will also be understood.
  • H is always silent in Spanish language for example hermano, sounds more like ermano.
  • Double L is pronounced in the same way that we use the letter Y in yes.
  • N usually sounds as it does in the English word no. However if it is followed by the letters P, F, B or V, it sounds like more similar to how the letter M does in English.
  • R and double R are also difficult to explain as the way they are pronounced is not a sound used in speaking English. The sound is made by flapping the tongue once against the roof of the mouth.
  • X can be pronounced as it is in the word explain or in some instances, it sounds more like an S as it sounds in the word silent.
  • Z generally similar to the S in silent. In some instances though it sounds like the ‘th’ the word think.

This video will help you to understand Consonants in Spanish


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It needs to be also taken into consideration that in some areas of Spain words are pronounced slightly differently so consonants may sound different again. Learning how to pronounce all of the consonants in Spanish may seem like a tough task at first, but there are some great resources that you can find if you are trying to teach yourself Spanish.

If you are looking for more sources for Spanish learning, there are many video tutorials online about Spanish for beginners and difficult Spanish consonants. There are also Spanish consonant video tutorials that will give you a much better understanding of the different ways in which consonants are pronounced in Spanish.


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Author: Lisa

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